Paul’s Arrest and Defense Part #2
August 7, 2016

Paul’s Arrest and Defense Part #2

Passage: Acts 22:30-23:35


A continued survey of the early church in the book of Acts


Paul’s Arrest and Defense #2

30 But on the next day, desiring to know the real reason why he was being accused by the Jews, he unbound him and commanded the chief priests and all the council to meet, and he brought Paul down and set him before them.

And looking intently at the council, Paul said, “Brothers, I have lived my life before God in all good conscience up to this day.” 2 And the high priest Ananias commanded those who stood by him to strike him on the mouth. 3 Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you whitewashed wall! Are you sitting to judge me according to the law, and yet contrary to the law you order me to be struck?” 4 Those who stood by said, “Would you revile God’s high priest?” 5 And Paul said, “I did not know, brothers, that he was the high priest, for it is written, ‘You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.’” Now when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees. It is with respect to the hope and the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial.” 7 And when he had said this, a dissension arose between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. 8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, nor angel, nor spirit, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. 9 Then a great clamor arose, and some of the scribes of the Pharisees’ party stood up and contended sharply, “We find nothing wrong in this man. What if a spirit or an angel spoke to him?” 10 And when the dissension became violent, the tribune, afraid that Paul would be torn to pieces by them, commanded the soldiers to go down and take him away from among them by force and bring him into the barracks. 11 The following night the Lord stood by him and said, “Take courage, for as you have testified to the facts about me in Jerusalem, so you must testify also in Rome.” 12 When it was day, the Jews made a plot and bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty who made this conspiracy. 14 They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food till we have killed Paul. 15 Now therefore you, along with the council, give notice to the tribune to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case more exactly. And we are ready to kill him before he comes near.” 16 Now the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered the barracks and told Paul. 17 Paul called one of the centurions and said, “Take this young man to the tribune, for he has something to tell him.” 18 So he took him and brought him to the tribune and said, “Paul the prisoner called me and asked me to bring this young man to you, as he has something to say to you.” 19 The tribune took him by the hand, and going aside asked him privately, “What is it that you have to tell me?” 20 And he said, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire somewhat more closely about him. 21 But do not be persuaded by them, for more than forty of their men are lying in ambush for him, who have bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they have killed him. And now they are ready, waiting for your consent.” 22 So the tribune dismissed the young man, charging him, “Tell no one that you have informed me of these things.” 23 Then he called two of the centurions and said, “Get ready two hundred soldiers, with seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen to go as far as Caesarea at the third hour of the night. 24 Also provide mounts for Paul to ride and bring him safely to Felix the governor.” 25 And he wrote a letter to this effect: 26 “Claudius Lysias, to his Excellency the governor Felix, greetings. 27 This man was seized by the Jews and was about to be killed by them when I came upon them with the soldiers and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And desiring to know the charge for which they were accusing him, I brought him down to their council. 29 I found that he was being accused about questions of their law, but charged with nothing deserving death or imprisonment. 30 And when it was disclosed to me that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you at once, ordering his accusers also to state before you what they have against him.” 31 So the soldiers, according to their instructions, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 32 And on the next day they returned to the barracks, letting the horsemen go on with him. 33 When they had come to Caesarea and delivered the letter to the governor, they presented Paul also before him. 34 On reading the letter, he asked what province he was from. And when he learned that he was from Cilicia, 35 he said, “I will give you a hearing when your accusers arrive.” And he commanded him to be guarded in Herod’s praetorium


Paul does use his past as a Pharisee to begin his defense, but he does so to identify with them as Pharisees, and to show that he once believed exactly like them. In Paul’s defense, he never left Judaism, as much as he saw that Christ was the end of his faith, and this is what he argued for from scriptures with Jews all over the world. This defense caused a great stir, because Paul was disturbing the status quo of the culture. Missionaries have always been accused of hurting culture, and certainly that’s never the intent, but the gospel always affects change and cultural renewal, not cultural destruction, and often it is the rich and powerful and religious that desire to maintain the status that puts them on top and others below them. Once again there were those in the ranks that Paul affected with the gospel, and again, those that hated him as a result. This is always going to be true when we share our faith. God is preparing the hearts of those that will listen, while others are being blinded by the enemy; even to the point of conspiring against you to stop the message you are preaching. There were those that wanted to hold on to their own power, so they plotted against Paul, but God was protecting Paul. It is important to know that God is sovereign in all of what we do, and He does protect us, but later on takes Paul home as he is martyred for his faith, but not until he had preached before the Roman leadership. God controls our lives and has our best interest, even when He decides to take us home to be with Him, but He will always protect His purposes and plan, and when we are doing what God would have us do, there is no situation too dangerous for us to be in, since we are in His will.


  1. In what way(s) did Paul use his past to defend his new position in Christ?
  2. Why did Paul use his past in this defense?
  3. In what way(s) was evil used against Paul?
  4. Is it comforting to know that God is sovereignly involved in our lives ? How so?
  5. Are you afraid to die for the gospel? Why? Why not?